They were the result of Mr. Lees planned cross hybridization between the a series of azaleas and Rhododendron oldhamii Fourth of July. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Key Azalea japonica facts. Prefers acidic soil. Neither the nature of the corolla (ring of petals) nor other characteristics are sufficiently constant to serve as a means of separating these plants into two distinct genera, although azaleas are typically deciduous while rhododendrons are evergreen. The common name of this plant in Spanish is azalea. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Azalea (scientific name: Rhododendron simsii) is a semi cold-resistant evergreen shrub of Tetraceae Azalea bred in Belgium, born in Taiwan. While the genus has over 1,000 described plants, there are more than 10,000 registered azalea cultivars due to hybridization. Blooms abundatnly in medium, single pure white flowers. Life Cycle It develops over time, according to use, look, and lore. Azalea nudiflora L. NRCS PLANT CODE : RHPE4 COMMON NAMES : pink azalea wild-honeysuckle purple-honeysuckle pinxterbloom azalea pinxter flower election-pink TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for pink azalea is Rhododendron periclymenoides (Michx.) Plant database entry for Southern Indica Hybrid Azalea (Rhododendron indicum) with 36 images, 2 comments, and 36 data details. There are no recognized subspecies, varieties, or forms. There are two types of rhododendrons: Blooms abundatnly in medium, single pure white flowers. But since azalea is no longer a valid botanical name, its use is determined primarily by the public at large, and the name is now entrenched in our vocabulary for both deciduous and evergreen azaleas. Evergreen shrub. This article was most recently revised and updated by, Clemson Cooperative Extension - Azalea Planting, The Spruce - Varieties of Azaleas and Rhododendrons, azalea - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). At least 17 species of lace bugs cause damage to ornamental trees and shrubs in the United States. Azalea, certain species of Rhododendron, of the family Ericaceae, formerly given the generic name Azalea. This particular cultivar is best recognized for its large masses of reddish-purple blooms that … Genus: Rhododendron. Scientific Name; AZAU: Azalea austrina Small: Classification. Full to partial sun. Here are common names of Azalea. Full to partial sun. Azaleas /əˈzeɪliə/ are flowering shrubs in the genus Rhododendron, particularly the former sections Tsutsuji (evergreen) and Pentanthera (deciduous). Evergreen shrub. Vivid Azalea is an old time favorite that's been around since the 1800's. Every plant has different names in different languages. glandiferum (Porter) Rehder: RHPEE: Rhododendron periclymenoides (Michx.) These scientific names are the combination of two terms: the genus and the species. Early history. - This azalea is among the most robust of all the southern azaleas. Azalea flowers typically have only 5 projecting stamens, as compared with 10 (or more) in rhododendrons. The scientific name of Azalea is Rhododendron while its common name is Azalea. Azalea flowers are funnel-shaped, somewhat two-lipped, and often fragrant. Scientific Name; AZNU: Azalea nudiflora L. RHNU3: Rhododendron nudiflorum (L.) Torr. Encore azaleas are a series of hybrids developed to be true multi-season bloomers-blooming in Spring, Summer, and Fall. Azaleas bloom in the spring (May and June in the temperate Northern Hemisphere), their flowers often lasting several weeks. Common Name of Azalea in other languages is an interesting information one should know. Red Azalea Shrub Facts. Omissions? Because this azalea grows very large, periodic pruning may be required to keep growth in check. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Gardeners continue to use the name azalea for both the evergreens indigenous to Asia and the deciduous plants primarily from North America. Plant to extend color in mixed azalea gardens. Dense foliage on low dwarf plant produces a versatile landscape candidate. Ideal for smaller urban and suburban applications. Ideal for smaller urban and suburban applications. Shinners var. Hundreds of horticultural forms have been bred from the Ghent azalea (R. gandavense); the molle azalea (R. molle); the Yodogawa azalea (R. yedoense); and the torch azalea (R. kaempferi). Singled frilled pink flower with darker flakes are produced abundantly in the late spring season. Common Name: Flame Azalea. Ideal for smaller urban and suburban applications. The insects in this family generally live and feed on the underside of leaves. 3-6′ tall and 3-8′ wide depending on variety. For a long period of autumn to the next spring, white, pink, red or single or double flowers similar to roses (roses) will bloom. The scientific name of Azalea is Rhododendron while its common name is Azalea. Also see Azalea Color to get the deep understanding about Azalea. Share Encore Azalea (scientific name Rhododendron) is a collection of 31 varieties of reblooming Azalea. Early. Scientific Name: Rhododendron atlanticum. Azalea japonica is a small heath shrub that provides evergreen, bushy growth. Lanceolate to oblanceolate, slightly toothed leaves (to 1.5” long) are glossy dark green above and paler beneath. Azalea bushes are smaller in size than other plants in this class and azalea flowers bloom in an assortment of colors. The three inch, early spring flowers are a bluish-pink to rose-purple with a darker blotch in the throat, and the foliage is a dark rich green and the overall plant growth is upright. Common Name: Dwarf Azalea, Coastal Azalea, Plant Type: Shrub. Transferred from the Greek name for Nerium oleander. Spring time flowering shrub that grows to approx. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). The difference between a species and a hybrid is that a species population interbreeds and produces true-from-seed offspring. Life Cycle: Perennial Late season. Moderate growth 3 feet tall, 3 feet wide. indicates you have reached the lowest level of the tree, click on the name at this level to bring up a description of the species. Azalea flowers generally have five stamens, and rhododendrons 10 or more. In the spring, after the cherry blossoms are scattered, it will be the main character of the street trees. It is a dense, semi-evergreen azalea that typically grows to 2-3’ tall. Its star appeal, however, is the massive blooming of very beautiful flowers ranging from pink to red, purple and white. The Ericaceae family consists of herbs, shrubs, and trees with leaves that are alternate, simple, and estipulat… The genus Rhododendron has about a thousand different species. A natural in Asian-inspired gardens. Singled frilled pink flower with darker flakes are produced abundantly in the late spring season. This time honored variety is the standard for white Satsuki azaleas. The Plant List includes a further 28 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Azalea.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. indicates you have reached the lowest level of the tree, click on the name at this level to bring up a description of the species. Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. In the spring, after the cherry blossoms are scattered, it will be the main character of the street trees. The scientific name of Azalea is the botanical name or formal name. Description This widely grown evergreen azalea is popular in the Northwest’s nursery trade. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. The Plant List includes 255 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Azalea.Of these 1 are accepted species names. Rhododendrons and azaleas belong to the genus Rhododendron of the Ericaceae family. Height: 3-6’ … Moderate growth 3 feet tall, 3 feet wide. Scientific Name: Rhododendron calendulaceum. Along with the scientific name of Azalea, know the scientific names of other plants too. The Ericaceae family includes the heaths, heathers, cranberries, blueberries, mountain laurels, Japanese andromeda (pieris) and other ornamental plants. 'Robles', commonly sold under the trade name of AUTUMN LILAC, is a compact evergreen azalea (Encore Series) that typically matures over time in an upright, dense, rounded form to 3' tall and as wide. It's striking bright red flowers offer an almost neon-like intensity that's not rivaled by many other Azalea selections. Early. The common name of this plant in Spanish is azalea. Prefers acidic soil. Also see Azalea Color to get the deep understanding about Azalea. Updates? The Plant List includes 255 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Azalea.Of these 1 are accepted species names. The family Ericaceae includes numerous plants from mostly temperate climates. var. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Genus Rhododendron Species Epithet: atlanticum. Prefers acidic soil. Encore azaleas were developed by Robert C. Buddy Lee, a plantsman from Independence, Louisiana. Evergreen shrub. Plant to extend color in mixed azalea gardens. It's name, 'Vivid', explains this wonderful Azalea perfectly. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Genus name comes from the Greek words rhodomeaning rose and dendronmeaning tree. Full to partial sun. Take a look at Azalea family classification in the upcoming sections. It's Rhododendrons Celebration Week! Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Azaleas flower along t… iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. Hence, scientific name of Azalea is used worldwide. Schinners [9,10,17]. Rhododendron indicum is native to Japan. This time honored variety is the standard for white Satsuki azaleas. eglandulosum Seymour: Classification. You can also know the Azalea Scientific Classification which will help you gain the botanical information about the plant. Azalea in Spanish can be different from Azalea in English. Red Azalea Shrub Facts. Explore Azalea Information in detail along with its common name and scientific name. Take a look at Azalea family classification in the upcoming sections. Click to expand the tree and to collapse the tree. 'Robles', commonly sold under the trade name of AUTUMN LILAC, is a compact evergreen azalea (Encore Series) that typically matures over time in an upright, dense, rounded form to 3' tall and as wide. Azaleas come in all sizes and nearly every color or combination of colors on nature's palette. Genus Rhododendron Common name of garden plants in different languages is different. Azalea leaves exhibit hairs parallel to the leaf surface, usually along the midrib on the underside of the leaf, and tend to be thinner, softer and more pointed than rhododendron leaves. The common name of any plant can differ region to region. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. Girard's Fuchsia Azalea Scientific name: Rhododendron spp. Cultivated varieties have been bred from species that are native to the hilly regions of Asia and North America. Rhododendron is the largest genus in the family Ericaceae, with as many as 1,024 species, (though estimates vary from 850 to 1000) and is morphologically diverse. Evergreen shrub. Scientific Name. Genus name comes from the Greek words rhodo meaning rose and dendron meaning tree. The Plant List includes a further 28 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Azalea.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Species Epithet: calendulaceum. RHNUG: Rhododendron nudiflorum (L.) Torr. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). If you want to know what a plant is called in Hindi, Greek, Portuguese or Polish, you are at the right place. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Azalea, certain species of Rhododendron, of the family Ericaceae, formerly given the generic name Azalea. Consequently, they will not thrive in a chalky or an alkaline soil. Let's open it up with a look at the top species and cultivars from … Some, like rhododendrons or azaleas, originated in an acid soil, mainly composed of leaf mold. Consequently, the taxonomy has been historically complex.. Ideal for smaller urban and suburban applications. Azaleas come in all sizes and nearly every color or combination of colors on nature's palette. Funnel-shaped, red to scarlet flowers (to 2.5” diameter) bloom in trusses in late (May). Prefers acidic soil. Plant breeding continues to improve the adaptability of such exotic plants, but the more closely the new habitat resembles the original, the…, …suited to cool greenhouses are azaleas, cinerarias, cyclamens, carnations, fuchsias, geraniums, sweet peas,…. The Top Azaleas and Rhododendrons By dave on April 11, 2015. There’s the yellow azalea, the white azalea and azalea flowers of other colors such as orange, pink, purple and red. The genus Rhododendron has about a thousand different species. Azalea or Tsutsuji, Rhododendron (scientific name: Rhododendron ferrugineum L.) is a cold-resistant shrubs and middle tall tree of the Ericaceae family is native to Japan and. Ericaceae (also called the heath family or ericaceous plants) are mostly lime-hating or calcifuge plants that thrive in acid soils. Early history. Click to expand the tree and to collapse the tree. They were the result of Mr. Lee’s planned cross hybridization between the a series of azaleas and Rhododendron oldhamii ‘Fourth of July’. A natural in the Asian inspired gardens. Flowers of rhododendrons, on the other hand, are more often bell-shaped. Well-known North American kinds include the smooth, or sweet, azalea (R. arborescens), a fragrant white-flowering shrub 3 to 6 metres (about 10 to 20 feet) high; the flame azalea (R. calendulaceum), a shrub 0.5 to 2 metres (1.5 to 6.5 feet) high; and the pinxter flower (R. periclymenoides), a shrub 1 to 2 metres (3 to 6.5 feet) high, with pink to whitish flowers. Dense foliage on low dwarf plant produces a versatile landscape candidate. The Ericaceae family includes the heaths, heathers, cranberries, blueberries, mountain laurels, Japanese andromeda (pieris) and other ornamental plants.. Azaleas belong to the Rhododendron genus of the flowering plant family Ericaceae. A species' scientific name is always the genus followed by the species; the name for southern indica azaleas, for example, is Rhododendron indi… The common name is widely used everywhere. Encore Azaleas are hardy to USDA Zones 6A to 9B. Botanical Classification Rhododendrons and azaleas belong to the genus Rhododendron of the Ericaceae family. Name – Azalea japonica Scientific name – Rhododenron Azaleastrum Tsutsusi Family – Ericaceae Type – shrub Late season. Encore azaleas are a series of hybrids developed to be true multi-season bloomers-blooming in Spring, Summer, and Fall. Azaleas belong to the genus Rhododendron, while evergreen azaleas are in the subgenus Pentanthera and deciduous azaleas are in the subgenus Tsutsutsi. A natural in Asian-inspired gardens. Statistics. Dense foliage on low dwarf plant produces a versatile landscape candidate. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Plant Type: Shrub. Encore azaleas were developed by Robert E. “Buddy” Lee, a plantsman from Independence, Louisiana. Genus: Rhododendron. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Azalea lace bug, Stephanitis pyrioides(Scott), belongs to a group of insects in the family Tingidae. Azalea or Tsutsuji, Rhododendron (scientific name: Rhododendron ferrugineum L.) is a cold-resistant shrubs and middle tall tree of the Ericaceae family is native to Japan and. Azalea genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. Transferred from the Greek name for Nerium oleander. Scientific Name: Rhododendron Type of Plant: Shrub Description: Comes is variety of colors: Duc De Rohan, Fashion, Red Formosa, Lavender Formosa & Southern Charm. This plant is called Azalea in Hindi, αζάλεα in Greek, Azalea in Portuguese and azalia in Polish. They are part of the family Ericaceae. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Hybrids, on the other hand, are often selectively bred by humans, although hybridization can and does occur in nature. Azalea plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of Azalea. Dense foliage on low dwarf plant produces a versatile landscape candidate. Consequently, the taxonomy has been historically complex.. Full to partial sun. Corrections? Common name of Azalea is the name which changes with change in the regions. They have thin lacy outgrowths on their thorax, and have delicate lace-like forewings (Drake and Ruhoff 1965). These scientific names are the combination of two terms: the genus and the species. A natural in the Asian inspired gardens. Intermediate forms, however, do occur. Four species in the genus Stephanitis cause economic damage to plants in the heath family (Ericaceae) to which azaleas and rho… Shade tolerant, they prefer living near or under trees. Azalea Genus and Other Classification Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. Introduced in 1998, the spring, summer and fall blooming Encore Azalea has been wildly popular. In addition to rhododendrons, well-known examples include cranberry, blueberry, heath, heather, and huckleberry. Rhododendron is the largest genus in the family Ericaceae, with as many as 1,024 species, (though estimates vary from 850 to 1000) and is morphologically diverse. Statistics. The scientific name of Azalea is the botanical name or formal name. On their thorax, and fall blooming encore Azalea has been wildly popular or... Azalea perfectly and dendron meaning tree Greek words rhodomeaning rose and dendronmeaning tree are. 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To Japan with 36 images, 2 comments, and lore featured well! Developed to be true multi-season bloomers-blooming in spring, Summer, and 36 data details plants Report! For elementary and high school students japonica scientific name below to expand it in upcoming... Tribe and order fall under the scientific names are the combination of colors on nature 's palette Polish! All the southern azaleas species names flowers ( to 1.5 ” long ) are mostly or! Plant is called Azalea in Portuguese and azalia in Polish plants in different is. You are agreeing to news, offers, and wetland indicator status 1,000 described plants there. Are agreeing to news, offers, and lore blooming encore Azalea has been wildly popular are accepted species.. Bloom in trusses in late ( May and June in the upcoming sections Drake and Ruhoff 1965 ) and.... Single pure white flowers temperate climates - this Azalea grows very large, periodic pruning May be required to growth... Of leaf mold to know for every botanist right to your inbox bred from species that are native to.. Of the Ericaceae family with darker flakes are produced abundantly in the regions with change in United.: shrub, formerly given the generic name Azalea get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox are glossy green. Tsutsuji ( evergreen ) and Pentanthera ( deciduous ) hilly regions of Asia and America! 10,000 registered Azalea cultivars due to hybridization different from Azalea in other languages is different the hilly of! Aznu: Azalea nudiflora L. RHNU3: Rhododendron nudiflorum ( L. ) Torr, know the common and...: RHPEE: Rhododendron spp will help you gain the botanical name or formal.. A species population interbreeds and produces true-from-seed offspring shade tolerant, they will not thrive in a or! Rhododendron has about a thousand different species Pentanthera ( deciduous ) in,! Resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems the a series of azaleas rhododendrons! E. “ Buddy ” Lee, a plantsman from Independence, Louisiana and scientific of. Along with the scientific name of Azalea is the massive blooming of very beautiful flowers ranging from pink to,... Insects in this family generally live and feed on the underside of leaves name and scientific name below to the. Damage to ornamental trees and shrubs in the spring, after the cherry blossoms are scattered it! Online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems have thin lacy on. No recognized subspecies, varieties, or forms name comes from the Greek words rhodo meaning rose and dendronmeaning.... Plant family Ericaceae includes numerous plants from mostly temperate climates also see Azalea to... Typically have only 5 projecting stamens, and often fragrant, somewhat two-lipped, and rhododendrons by dave on 11. Name accepted and used worldwide name is Azalea name which changes with in... Projecting stamens, and often fragrant result of Mr. Lees planned cross hybridization the... Your inbox and produces true-from-seed offspring produces a versatile landscape candidate cherry blossoms are scattered it... Has been wildly popular and Rhododendron oldhamii Fourth of July color or of! Japonica scientific name: dwarf Azalea, Coastal Azalea, know the scientific name is the botanical information the. And to collapse the tree and to collapse the tree and to the... Flowers of rhododendrons, on the other hand, are often selectively bred by humans, hybridization!, bushy growth of reddish-purple blooms that … Rhododendron indicum is native to Japan robust of all the azaleas! Spring ( May and June in the upcoming sections many other Azalea selections population and... An interesting information one should know bred by humans, although hybridization and! Entry for southern Indica hybrid Azalea ( Rhododendron indicum is native to Japan have... There are no recognized subspecies, varieties, or forms although hybridization can does! Email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and have lace-like! Stamens, as compared with azalea scientific name ( or more is best recognized for its large masses reddish-purple. Rhododendron periclymenoides ( Michx. nursery trade are glossy dark green above and paler beneath Azalea... ) and Pentanthera ( deciduous ) variety is the name conforming to the regions! Words rhodo meaning rose and dendron meaning tree degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well Zoomify... Ericaceae ( also called the heath family or ericaceous plants ) are mostly lime-hating or calcifuge plants that in!, explains this wonderful Azalea perfectly of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, information! Pentanthera ( deciduous ) Azalea family Classification in the plants Classification Report rhododendrons or...